THE BLACK HAWK WAR; Utah's Native American History

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Utah Black Hawk War; Relevant Topics

The following are links to relavent to the Black Hawk War in Utah, histories, commentary, documents, source material, facts and treaties etc..

About: Phillip B Gottfredson

Source Material for the Utah Black Hawk War Project

Utah's Timpanogos are Snake-Shoshoni; No relation to Utes Historians mistakenly identify the Snake-Shoshone Timpanogos Nation as being Ute. Ute and Timpanogos are two distinctly different Tribes in origin, language, and customs.

Important topics and events of the Black Hawk War:

Utah's Saddest Legacy Is The Black Hawk War The Black Hawk War is Utah's most tradgic legacy. Not only do Native people suffer from "generational Trauma" because of the horror their ancestors experienced, but also Non-Native people, those who's ancestors committed serious atrocities against Native people - they too are looking for healing, how to deal with their own generational guilt is a reality for many people I have spoken with. These people agonize in silence, many not knowing why.

EXAMINATION OF TIMPANOGOTS CHIEF BLACK HAWK'S REMAINS 1996 Published by permission from NAGPRA.

THE STORY OF TIMPANOGOS LEADER BLACK HAWK - 1847 to 1870 Detailed history of Black Hawk and the Black Hawk War.

Timpanogos Chiefs and Warriors:

In Remembrance of Timpanogos Leaders and Warriors List of names of Timpanogos Chiefs and members of the Tribe during the Black Hawk War period.

Black Hawk Walkara Tabby Arrapeen Grospeen(n/a) Ammon(n/a) Sowiette Sanpitch Old Elk Squash-Head Little Soldier Old Bishop

FACTS OF THE BLACK HAWK WAR Factoids about the Black Hawk War.

THE DOCTRINE OF DISCOVERY -Genocide Concealed as Education, European Expansion See also: Christian Doctrine of Discovery: Steve Newcomb Video

TREATIES OF THE BLACK HAWK WAR There were no legal binding treaties made between Mormon settlers and the First People...

BRIGHAM YOUNG ON HIS "PROPER WAY TO TREAT THE INDIANS " Treat them kindly, and treat them as Indians, and not...

TIMOTHY H. O'SULLIVAN'S MANIFEST DESTINY To establish on earth the noblest temple ever dedicated to the worship of the Most High -- the Sacred and the True.

MEMORIAL OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF UTAH (document) Brigham Young spent one and a half million dollars to "get rid of the Indians." Download PDF 17.2 KB

THE EZRA BOOTH LETTERS It is well known that the ostensible design of the Mormonites...

Veterans of the Black Hawk War  A list of some 640 names both Indian and non-Indian from the book Indian Depredations in Utah by Peter Gottfredson.

The Danites The Danites were a fraternal organization founded by Latter Day Saints in June of 1838, at Far West in Caldwell County, Missouri.

Peter Gottfredson:

EXCERPTS From Indian Depredations in Utah 1865-1873 First hand accounts of the battles they fought.

PETER GOTTFREDSON IN THE INDIAN CAMPS He spent most of time in the Indian camps during the war.

PETER GOTTFREDSON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY 1857-1874 by Peter Gottfredson

EULOGY to Peter Gottfredson 1938

Learning Native Ways

TRUTH IN EDUCATION FOR ALL Utah American Indian/Alaska Native Education State Plan Advisory Committee.

*NATIVE AMERICAN POEMS AND PRAYERS Special Collection of American Indian poems and prayers.

PROTOCOLS AND ETHICS of the Native American

RUSSELL MEANS A controversial patriot of the Lakota Nation.

Native American Poems and Prayers

THE LAND OF THE LAMANITES That the Lamanites (American Indians) a "white and delightsome people." Can you say Vitiligo?

Misc.

National Museum of the American Indian Washington DC

COMMENTARY by Phillip Gottfredson  A collection of past commentary on various subjects.

SALT LAKE TRIBUNE ARTICLE BY HISTORIAN AND COLUMNIST WILL BAGLEY 2002 Peter Gottfredson's Indian Depredations in Utah"

PROMISES BARAK OBAMA HAS MADE TO THE AMERICAN INDIAN PEOPLE "My American Indian policy begins...

MAPS

1866 Map of the Black Hawk War See where the battles took place during the war! I never finished this map, but has some good information.

The following maps will display regardless of screen settings, but may be slow loading.  

1. Tribes of The American Indian Nation map.  

 2. Tribal Locations in America Past and Present Map

P. GREEN AT THE CIRCUS Just for laughs: "The man who takes the tickets at the circus eyed me...