Proof Utah's History is Messed Up!
In a recent article published the Daily Herald titled Ute Chief Walkara, a historical perspective Jun 13, 2018, the leading paragraph says "Chief Colorow Ignacio Ouray Walkara (aka Wakara or Walker) 1808 — 1855, was a leader of a Ute Timpanogo band, with a reputation as a diplomat, horseman and warrior and a military leader in the Walker War." The inaccurcies in this artical are astonishing.
Chief Colorow was a Colorado Ute Chief died 1888. Chief Ignacio was a Colorado Ute Chief died December 9, 1913. Ouray was a Colorado Ute Chief and died Aug 24, 1880. Chief Walkara was a Chief of the Timpanogos Nation.
The Timapanogos are not Ute, they are Snake-Shoshone and are the original inhabitants of Utah Territory. Whereas the Colorado Utes did not enter Utah until 1881. In Colorado in 1878 the Colorado Utes killed an unprincipled Indian Agent by the name Jonathan Meeker. Following the 1878 Meeker Massacre in Colorado the United States Government declared "the Utes must go" and enacted the Ute Removal Act, and in 1881 that forced four of the seven Tribes of the Confederated Utes to leave Colorado and they were relocated on the Uintah Valley Reservation in Utah as prisoners of war. They are known today as the Northern Utes. Chief Walkara was one of seven brothers Sanpitch, Arapeen, Tabby, Ammon, Sowiette, Grospeen and Antongua 'Black Hawk' who was the son of Sanpitch. Their father was Moonch who was the son of Turunianchi. None of whom were Colorado Utes.
And to demonstrate how thses inaccuracies get woven into Utah's history Wikipedia now posts, "that A statue of Chief Walkara at Pioneer Heritage Gardens in Manti, Utah. Chief Walkara (c. 1808 – 1855; also known as Wakara, Wahkara, Chief Walker or Colorow) was a Shoshone leader of the Utah Indians known as the Timpanogo and Sanpete Band. It is not completely clear what cultural group the Utah or Timpanogo Indians belonged to, but they are listed as Shoshone. He had a reputation as a diplomat, horseman and warrior, and a military leader of raiding parties, and in the Wakara War."
Atleast Wikipedia gets it right that Chief Walkara was a Chief of the Timpanogo. So progress is being made. The Timpanogos were Snake-Shoshone and regarding the "Sanpete Band", they were also Timpanogos under the leadership of Chief Sanpitch who was one of the seven brothers of Wakara, Arapeen, Tabby, Ammon, Sowiette, Grospeen and Antongua 'Black Hawk' who was the son of Sanpitch as described herein below.
Our efforts to correct Utah's history is catching on however slowly.
New Research Reveals Major Discrepancies in Utah History
by Phillip B Gottfredson
What many Utah historians mistakenly assume about the Black Hawk War, or refuse to accept or just ignore, is that the Mormon's Black Hawk War was with the Ute Tribe - is simply bullshit. All seven bands of the Utes were in Colorado during the time of the Black Hawk War which was between the years 1849 and 1872.
FACT: Following the 1878 Meeker Massacre in Colorado when the Utes killed an unprincipled Indian Agent Nathan Meeker, the United States Government declared "the Utes must go" and enacted the Ute Removal Act of 1880, and in 1881 four of the seven bands of the Colorado Utes were forced on to the Uinta Valley Reservation in Utah as "prisoners of war", and are known today as the Northern Utes.
The "NORTHERN UTE TRIBE" wasn't created until 1937, under the constitutional name "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation". The "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation" is a constitutional name of the Ute Tribe. The "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation" is a only a constituional name NOT A RESERVATION and NEVER WAS A RESERVATION. The reason I emphasize this fact is that today we see the media and others using the contitutional name of the Ute Nation when referring to the Uinta Valley Reservation adding even more confusion, making my point how inaccurate and confusing Utah's history has become. The Northern Ute Tribe lives on the Uintah Valley Reservation as does the Timpanogos Nation. See: Origins of the Timpanogos and Northern Ute Tribes.
In 2015 I was contacted by a Tribe in Utah no one has ever talked about... the Timpanogos, who have lived in Utah long before President Lincoln created the Uintah Valley Reservation in 1861, a tribe that has been completely ignored and believed by many to be nonexistent. It doesn't matter the Timpanogos are not yet a federally recognized Tribe, they are the original inhabitants of this land called Utah, and their aboriginal rights, treaty rights, and sovereignty rights remain intact as being the supreme law of the land.
Chief Executive Mary Meyer of the Snake Shoshone Timpanogos Nation, who is a direct descendant of Chief Arapeen, provided me with definitive proof that the Timpanogos are the living descendants of notorious Chiefs Sanpitch, Wakara, Arapeen, Tabby, Ammon, Sowiette, Grospeen and Antongua 'Black Hawk' who was the son of Sanpitch, and other legendary leaders in the Black Hawk War! Their lineage documented by birth and marriage records, death certificates, Indian Agency records, treaties, and more historic records going back to 1765. Information you won't find in mainstream Mormon accounts.
The Timpanogos are a band of the Snake-Shoshoni and are distinctly different from the Northern Utes of Utah in language, customs, and origin. Over the past three years I have been living with the Timpanogos pouring over documents and listening to their amazing stories and teachings. And so it is with their permission I have updated this website to a much truer and balanced version of the Mormon's Black Hawk War than before, adding valuable information from the Timpanogos Nation. (Visit the Timpanogos Nation website)
The earliest record I have found, so far, that refers to the Timpanogos in Utah begins with the Spanish explorer Juan Rivera in 1765. Rivera preceded explorers Dominguez and Escalante's expedition into Utah, and describes having come in contact with aboriginal peoples "the bearded ones" who were Snake-Shoshoni who called themselves "Timpanogostzis," an Aztecan-Shoshonian word meaning People of the Rock water carriers (referring to rock salt), whose leader was Turunianchi.
Turunianchi had a son named Moonch. Moonch was the father of Sanpitch, Wakara, Arapeen, Tabby, Ammon, Sowiette, Sanpitch, and Grospeen, who occupied a land that is now known as Utah. Dominguez named Mount Timpanogos, Timpanogos River (Provo River), Timpanogos Lake (Great Salt Lake) and Timpanogos Valley (Utah Valley) in honor of the Timpanogostzis.
Then came the year of 1824, when a French explorer Etienne Provost entered what is now Utah and reported having come in contact with a Snake-Shoshone Nation (Timpanogos) living along the Timpanogos River (Provo River) and Timpanogos Lake. Provo City derives it's name from this early explorer Provost.
My great-grandfather Peter Gottfredson, an emigrant from Denmark arrived in Utah territory in 1857 and lived among the Timpanogos and was invited to the camp of Chief Antongua Black Hawk on numerous occasions. Peter clearly points out in his book Indian Depredations in Utah that the Timpanogos Nation ruled the entire territory of the Wasatch in Utah.
Today the Timpanogos Nation consists of about 1000 members who live on the Uintah Valley Reservation in the north-east section of Utah near the city of Roosevelt.
(More information see Home Page)