. Source Material for Utah Black Hawk War and Phillip B Gottfredson

Phillip B GottfredsonSince 1989 Phillip B Gottfredson has been devoted full-time to researching the Black Hawk War in Utah . Mr. Gottfredson, like his great-grandfather Peter Gottfredson, Phillip has lived several years with the Snake Shoshoni Timpanogos Nation, the Western Shoshone, and considerable time living among American Indian people throughout the western United States. Mr. Gottfredson became intimately acquainted with Native American culture and traditions and was invited to many sacred ceremonies and eventually embracing their traditional life ways. He received a Certificate of Recognition from the State of Utah Division of Indian Affairs in appreciation for his advocacy for the Indian peoples of Utah in 2008.

2005 Mr. Gottfredson was  commissioned by the Utah State Division of Indian Affairs to make a documentary film of the Black hawk War. The project was Funded in part by Utah State Division of Indian Affairs, the George S. Deloris Dori Eccles Foundation and Private Donors.

Filmmakers were Black Hawk Productions, LLC, Ron Hill Imagery, and Turtle Island Productions.

Phillip B Gottfredson with filmmaker James Fortier"I discontinued production of the film when I discovered through my on-going research of the Black Hawk War that there are major contradictions, and inaccuracies in the histories of Utah. For example, historians mistakenly identified the Timpanogos Nation as being Ute Indians. This revelation alone completely changed the accuracy of the film project, and had I continued I would have added to the confusion that already exists in Utah's history, something I was not willing to be a participant in. "I confess, I was a victim of Mormon propaganda and convoluted history."

In 2015 he was honored by the Timpanogos Nation for his work.

Chief Executive Mary Meyer of the Snake Shoshone Timpanogos Nation, who is a direct descendant of Chief Arapeen (aka Arapeen), generously provided me with definitive proof that the Timpanogos are the living descendants of the 'Royal Bloodline' of Chiefs Sanpitch, Wakara, Arapeen, Tabby, Ammon, Sowiette, Grospeen and Antongua 'Black Hawk' who was the son of Sanpitch, and other acclaimed leaders in the Black Hawk War! Their lineage documented by birth and marriage records, death certificates, Indian Agency records, treaties, and boast of having filed some 13000 pages of historical records with the United States Government going back to 1765. This is Information you won't find in mainstream Mormon accounts. I am genuinely humbled by Mary's help, one of the greatest honors in my life to work with Mary Meyer and the Timpanogos Nation.

Phillip B Gottfredson with June - Timpanogos Nation


In 2018 I became the Historian for the Timpanogos Nation." - Phillip B Gottfredson Aug, 2018

"It has been nearly two decades now since I began researching the Black Hawk War in Utah. It has been a labor of love, one I have not regretted. There is so much we can learn from the Native Americans, if we would only listen. I am truly grateful to the Native people who took me in and taught me of their life-ways that forever changed my life in a good way. And to all others, historians, donors, and many good friends, who believed in the Black Hawk Project and generously gave me their time and expertise." ~ Phillip B Gottfredson


Consultants: Historian Will Bagley; Dr. Daniel McCool University of Utah; Historian Robert Carter; Filmmaker Larry Cesspooch Ute Tribe; Vanita Taveapont Director of Indian Language Program Ute Tribe (deceased); Loya Arrum Ute Tribe (deceased). National Forest Service Archeologist Charmian Thompson.

Source Material: Indian Depredations in Utah by Peter Gottfredson; Utah’s Black Hawk War John Alton Peterson; American Indian Prophecies Kurt Kaltreider, PhD.; A History of Utah’s American Indians Edited by Forest Cuch; Massacre at Mountain Meadows by Will Bagley; Book Of The Hopi by Frank Waters; Crazy Horse by Mari Sandoz; Writings of John D. Lee by Samuel Nyal Henrie; Life Among The Apaches by John C. Cremony 1850; For America To Live Europe Must Die - by Russell Means,; Black Elk Speaks by John Neihardt; The Sacred Pipe by Joseph Epes Brown; The Paiutes of Pyramid Lake by Ruth Herman; Wisdom of the Elders by David Suzuki; I Will Fight No More Forever Chief Joseph; The Utes Must Go by Peter R. Decker; Red Twilight by Val FitzPatrick; 1491 Charles C. Mann, Pagans in the Promised Land by Steven Newcomb, Guns Germs Steel by Jared Diamond; Jacob Hamblin His Life in His Own Words; Massacre at Bear River by Rod Miller; Utah's Black Hawk War: lore and reminiscences of participants, Carlton Culmsee; Schoolcraft; Bancroft; Founding of Fort Utah by Robert Carter; Shoshoni Frontier Bear River by Brigham Madsen; Thunder Over the OCHOCO by Gayle ONTKO; So Rugged and Mountainous by Will Bagley; The Shoshonis Sentinels of the Rockies Virginia Cole Trenholm and Maurine Carley; The Book of Destiny Carlos Barrios; Walkara Hawk of the Mountains Paul Baily; Of Worthier Blood by Parker M. Nielson; Rolling Thunder by Doug Boyd; Paul Baily Claws of the Hawk; Sacred Objects and Sacred Places by Andrew Gulliford; History of Salt Lake City. Tullidge's Histories, vol 1; Juan Rivera's Colorado, 1765 by author Steven G. Baker; Dominguez Escalante Journal: Their Expedition Through Colorado Utah Arizona and New Mexico in 1776 by Ted J. Warner; Standing Rock by Pamela Eakins; American Indian Myths and Legends by Erdoes and Ortez; The Storytelling Stone by Susan Feldmann; History of Payson by Norma Vance; The Dominguez - Escalante Journal Fray Angelico translation; Chief Pocatello "The White Plume" by Brigahm D. Madsen; Empire of the Summer Moon by S. C. Gwynne;

Documents and Treaties: The United States Department of the Interior; Timpanogos Nation; Ute Tribe; Commission of Indian Affairs Annual Report 1865, O.H. Irish; Powell; The Bureau of Indian Affairs; The Utah State Government Archives; University of Utah Special Collections images by written permission; Brigham Young University Special Collections; Salt Lake City Library; Mt. Pleasant Library; Cedar City Library Special Collections; Private Journals Mormon Pioneers; Norma Vance direct decsendsnt of David Monsen Circleville Massacre;

Personal Interviews: of numerus descendents of early Utah Pioneers; oral histories while living with members of various Native American Tribes throughout the western United States: Western Shoshone, Snake-Shoshone Timpanogos, Uinta Ute, Grandriver Ute, Uncompahgre, Yampa, Moache, Wiminuche, and Dine'. Interviews with: Hopi, Pueblo, Apache, Shoshone, Arapaho, Lakota, Silets, Makaw, Southern Paiute, Northern Paiute, Yrok, Anishinaabe, Cherokee, Choctaw, and the Mayan of San Pedro Guatemala. Descendents of Timpanogos Chiefs Walkara, Sowiette, Arropean, Sanpitch, Ammon, Tobia (Tabby), and Grospeen (all brothers), and Black Hawk (son of Sanpitch), Chief Executive Mary Meyer and Members of the Timpanogos Nation, Uinta Valley Reservation;