News & Research Updates (Archive)



The Timpanogos Make A Rare Public Appearance

Brigham Young University ecology professor Ben Abbott invited Chief Executive Mary Meyer of the Timpanogos Nation to speak at the Utah Lake symposium that was held at Utah Valley University on June 5th. Utah Lake has been in decline from years of abuse and neglect going back decades. Toxic algae blooms, and invasive fish such as carp have led to developers recommending the lake be dredged and islands built in an effort to accommodate Utah Valley's burgeoning population growth. Whereas ecologists and scientists disagree with such plans saying it would drastically change the ecology of the lake.

Quoting from the Salt Lake Tribune article, “It seems to me this project would do more to damage than help,” said Meyer, whose ancestors once inhabited the lake shore, in her opening remarks. “Utah, I ask that you please take heed to what the experts opposing this project have to say. Our people and the reeds around this lake give you your name. We stand in favor of restoring the lake to its natural beauty, but have to oppose privatizing and desecrating this historic sacred site.” (See the full article in the Salt Lake Tribune)

More information regarding the Timpanogos Nation and the extraordinary support they have found will be announced soon by the Tribe on their website: The Timpanogos Nation; Uinta Valley Reservation.




It has been an exciting month for the Timpanogos Tribe of Utah. The good news is that a museum, historian, archeologist, archivist, and anthropologist scholars have expressed to the Timpanogos that they are willing to make a sincere effort to ensure they have their rightful place in Utah and American history.

"The meetings have gone well and have been productive," said Mary Meyer, Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation. Mary expresses cautious optimism that this may be the right time for long-overdue reconciliation and new beginnings for the Tribe.

More details to come as they are made available by the Tribal council.



The State of Utah Water Rights Violation Uintah Valley Reservation

According to an article published in the Salt Lake Tribune on 05/13/2021 by Emma Penrod, the State of Utah and the CUP are attempting to take water from the Uintah Valley Reservation ignoring aboriginal treaty rights. The Ute Nation is suing the State to get back it's water "asserting that the misapproriation is one of a decades-long string of racially motivated schemes to deprive it of it's rights and property", according to the article.

"Rights and property" have been at the core of every conflict between the First Nation peoples of Utah and Mormon colonists since 1847. Hat's off to the Ute Nation for taking a stand to protect the Uintah Valley Reservation's valuable resources essential to life it's self. The State of Utah has no jurisdiction what-so-ever on tribal land according to the Tenth District court.

We are also grateful to the Salt Lake Tribune for making the public aware of the injustices aboriginal people of Utah have had to fight for, from traditional tribal homelands, hunting rights, fishing rights, the timber on their land, water rights, their culture, their religion, their identity, and freedom.




We are pleased to announce Mary Meyer Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Tribe, and myself Phillip B Gottfredson have updated our story on the Walker War of 1853. We felt it was time to address the accuracy of Wakara's controversial burial, and his alleged slave trade.

For decades historians have written that two women were sacrificed and placed in his grave along with two live children and anywhere from 12 to 50 horses, depending on which Whiteman's account you read. And that Wakara stole from his own blood relatives their children and sold them as slaves. Mary, along with members of the Timpanogos Tribe, we have had numerous discussions about this story that has circulated for many decades, and gone by unchallenged. And of coarse no one has ever asked the Timpanogos their version of the story.

We invite you to read the Timpanogos first-ever version of Wakara's story.



There were several broken links throughout and have been fixed. We apologies for any inconvenience.

05/03/2021 (broken link has been fixed)

Jay Winter Nightwolf: American Indian & Indigenous Peoples Truths

The Timpanogos Matter (Mary Meyer & Phil Gottfredson)

Mary Murdock Meyer is the Chief Executive of the Snake Shoshone Timpanogos Nation."As Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation I [Mary Meyer] have pondered many times how our people were forgotten. We are the living descendents of legendary Chiefs Walkara, Kanosh, Tabby, Arropeen, Washakie, Tintic, Sowiette, Sanpitch and others, who extended their hospitality to Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers."Phillip B Gottfredson has been researching the Black Hawk War since 1989 and has published "My Journey to Understand... Black Hawks Mission of Peace"."Some 70,000 Timpanogos Indians — the aboriginal people of Utah — died from violence, starvation, and disease after Mormon colonists stole their land and destroyed their culture over a 21-year timeframe according to the detailed account Gottfredson learned from the Native Americans." Music:  Keep My Memory (Alexis Raeana feat. Charly Lowry)Jay Winter Nightwolf, HostVerona Iriarte, PrayerMoe Thomas, Production Editor

Please join Mary Murdock Meyer and Phillip B Gottfredson in a live podcast with Jay Winter Nightwolf. Recorded live a year ago from Mary's home on the Uintah Valley Reservation, Mary and Phillip engage in a powerful conversation with long-time talk host Jay Winter Nightwolf discussing the Timpanogos Nation and the Black Hawk War of Utah. Listen now.




More updates to our website... REALLY@!?

from Phillip B Gottfredson:

Yes, but it was necessary. The reason this time has to do with SEO (search engine optimization). SEO is the art of getting the search engines to give your website high rankings in the search results. It is said Google is making a core change to it's search engine algorithms this coming May. And in order to meet their new requirements we have had to make a few more changes. It gets very complicated when designing a website in todays world of technology. It used to be so easy. And since I am an old-school web-designer the learning curve has been very challenging. But I have done my homework and hopefully the changes I have made are going to work. (fingers crossed)

Back in 2002 when I first launched this website, we were the only website on the internet talking about the Black Hawk War. Now there's thousands. The competition is getting harder all the time. And the catch 22 is, we have made thousands of changes over the past two years and that by itself has caused some SEO problems. The solution is to let it go now. Stop making changes and let the search engines catch up to what we have done.

So the good news is no more changes for at least until June when we can evaluate everything again.




We've come along ways my friends. There can be no doubt the presence of the Timpanogos Nation is on the internet. All our hard word work and persistence is finally being realized not only in Utah, but nationally and internationally.

It is interesting that Brazil has taken a consistent interest. Website statistics show us they have been consistent in visiting our websites. China, Netherlands, Great Britain, Germany, France, and Sweden are among a growing crowd of visitors as well.

For those who don't know about Ft. Duchesne it is the home of the Timpanogos Nation which is located in the north-eastern corner of the State of Utah. Established in 1886 by the United States government as a fort, it was closed 1912. Population of Ft. Duchesne is roughly 800 and is located on the Uinta Valley Reservation that was established by President Abraham Lincoln in the year 1861.

The Timpanogos just four years ago was barely known, but that is changing know. Hopefully they can achieve long over-due federal recognition they so justly deserve.

May the Timpanogos forever walk in beauty. - Phillip B Gottfredson




In the previous article we discused the name Antonga and if perhaps it is of Spanish origin. If it is Spanish in origin then the letter 'G' would be silent. Antonga would be pronounced 'A-n-t-o-n-u-a' which could explain the difference in spellings 'Antongar" "Antongua" and a couple others.



Historian Phillip B Gottfredson | Author "Black Hawk's Mission of Peace"

The name "Antonga" has for decades been a topic of many discussions with the Timpanogos Tribe. Was his real name "Antonga" and where did it come from? In the coming months we will be exploring this issue in an effort to find the truth.

"There are several different spellings" said Mr. Gottfredson. "Antonga being the most widely accepted. "Antongua" and "Antongar" are another versions I have seen in several historical accounts. I believe the name is Spanish in origin. The reasoning being that in those days Mexico bordered Utah to the south and the Timpanogos had trade relations with their Spanish-speaking neighbors. I believe it was a nick-name and may have been "Antonia" translated means "worthy of praise." One thing is certain, the Timpanogos don't recognise the name Antonga."

Updates to this article will be posted as our research progresses.



Hi, this Phillip Gottfredson;

Some of the articles on our website I wrote a decade or more ago during the time I was learning about the Black Hawk War. I have been reviewing those articles and corrected my mistakes. For example, two articles one being 'John O'Sullivan's Manifest Destiny' and the other 'The Doctrine of Discovery.' I realize now that at the time I wrote these around 2009 I was confused, and for that reason assumed both were somehow interrelated. I apologize for the oversight. The Doctrine of Discovery was written by Christian monarchs in 1452. Whereas Manifest Destiny was written in 1839. However, it is important to know that both did play a role in the genocide of Native Americans.

And incidently, our page on The Doctrine of Discovery has gone viral three days in a row and still going.

Thank you for your patience and understanding. Stay safe and keep up the good fight.




Good news all our updates have been completed!

We encourage everyone to 'REFRESH' or 'RELOAD' the page you are on for any updates to appear. This is especially important if you are a regular visitor to clear your browser cache. New visitors don't have to do anything.

We will continue to monitor our website and make any routine corrections.

Again thank you for your patience and we appologize for any inconvienance you may have experienced during this exausting process.

~ BlackHawkProductions.Com Team





Black Hawk Productions has nearly completed all upgrades and updates to our website. It has been a long and tiring process having made over 700 changes since May of this year.

Navigation of our website has been a challenge. Today we uploaded navigational changes that we hope will make it easier for our visitors to find what they are looking for. We will continue to closely monitor the results of our efforts and make any adjustments when necessary.

Overhaul we are seeing high performance scores in the 90% range due to our efforts, and our bounce rate has dropped significantly into the 60% range. This means our visitors are staying on our site longer and finding good information, and the search engines are liking us more too.

Now that we have come to the end of our 'house-cleaning-chores' as it were, we can return to what we do best - researching the Utah Black Hawk War.

Thanks again everyone for your patience and on-going support. Stay Safe out there, and may we all find the courage and strength to endure these difficult times.



Over the past weeks we have made several updates to our many topics and stories on The Black Hawk War. Proofreading all the material is a major undertaking, and while there much more to do we are working on it day and night.

Significant changes were made to our main website menu. We have structured and reordered the links to topics and stories making it easier for our visitors to find what they are looking for or browse. We also changed the settings on our Search Tool so results are more accurate.

Changes were made to our home page making it shorter and more to-the-point and hopefully bringing clarity to the intention and purpose of our website.

We apologize for any inconvenience we may have caused during this process. We suggest that our returning visitors 'refresh' their browsers to see our latest updates sooner than later.

Thank you! And please stay safe and well out there. :-)



A Huge Problem For The State of Utah

by Author: Phillip B Gottfredson

For Utah's historians, scholars, and the State Of Utah to accept that the fact that the Timpanogos Tribe and the Ute Tribe are two distinctly different Tribes creates a huge problem.

For over a century, historians in Utah have mistakenly identified the Snake-Shoshone Timpanogostzis Nation as being Colorado Utes. Whereas the Utes and Timpanogos are two distinctly different Nations in origin, ancestral bloodlines, language, and customs. However, writers sometimes refer to them as "Timpanogos Ute" which is an oxymoron, a contradiction in terms. First Nations identity is critical in our understanding of the Black Hawk War in Utah, yet it remains the most overlooked topic causing inaccuracies in our histories leading to baseless conclusions, confusion, and false assumptions. The time has come to clear up some of these inaccuracies and explain the origins of these two individual Nations and how they both ended up on the same Uintah Valley Reservation. (See The Timpanogos Ute Oxymoron)

Throughout the state of Utah are countless historical markers, and burial headstones that refer to the Utes and the Black Hawk War. Not to mention countless publications books and records.

In spite of more than adequate documentation that proves the Timpanogos and Utes are separate Tribes, for reasons herein stated the powers-to-be are ignoring the truth. Meanwhile, a thousand member Tribe namely the Timpanogos, continue to struggle to be recognized by the federal government. For over 20 years they have fought for Federal Recognition status and have filed with the Department of the Interior over 13000 pages of documentation proving they are the original inhabitants of Utah, yet the Department of the Interior has not acted. They have not refused to give the Timpanogos their recognition, they simply make excuses for delaying their decision.

The facts are undisputable, the Timpanogos are who they say they are. But the Timpanogos didn't create the problem. The way I see it is, the blame falls squarely in the lap of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) and their one-sided history that has gone unchallenged for over a century. As I have said many times publicly, "celebrated scholars and award-winning authors who have written about the war never asked or cared what the Native Americans they studied had to say about their work. Nor did they ask them to analyze or interpret their books, or to share their own version of the particular story being told." If they had, its likely there wouldn't be this dilemma they are now faced with. There truth is often paradoxical.

As inconvenient the truth may be for the State of Utah, scholars and historians, and the agony they may encounter is inconsequential when compared to what the Timpanogos Tribe has suffered for over the past 150 years. University of Utah Prof. Daniel McCool explained, "We took from them almost all their land—the reservations are just a tiny remnant of traditional tribal homelands," We tried to take from them their hunting rights, their fishing rights, the timber on their land. We tried to take from them their water rights. We tried to take from them their culture, their religion, their identity, and perhaps most importantly, we tried to take from them their freedom."

As for the Timpanogos, they don't want pity, they only want justice.



Our Message Is Spreading Internationally

Statistics from our server reveals our message is growing in popularity internationally. Countries such as Brazil, Great Britain, Germany, France, Canada, Russia, Netherlands, China, and across the United States is growing in traffic to our website daily. Averaging over 10,000 visits a month, hundreds of visitors are spending between 30 minutes to over an hour in increasing numbers also.

This is exciting news for us as we have devoted endless hours over the years to achieve this kind of recognition. Thank you everyone for making a great success!



Interview With Author: Phillip B Gottfredson and The Oak Leaf by Ellinor IsadeRoss Eklöf of Sweden have teamed up to bring you a podcast featuring Author: Phillip B Gottfredson . Mr Gottfredson will be discussing the Utah Black Hawk War for about an hour. It was pre-recorded so you can listen in when it is convienant for you. You are invited!



Some changes to the content of our website have been made. Our goal is to provide our visitors with accurate and up-to-date material about the Utah Black Hawk War as has been our tradition for nearly two decades now. As we continue our tradition, we will be rewriting and updating our content as we go forward, which is good, and some cases overdue.

The Utah Black Hawk War website has the distinction of being the go-to website for in-depth information on the Utah Indian wars. And it's FREE! It is nice when we receive a donation once-in-awhile though, after all, we do spend long hours each day maintaining our website for your interests and convenience. It a good feeling when someone shows their appreciation with a donation or purchasing one of our books. THANK YOU! :-)



We have added to our SITE DIRECTORY a site-search tool. Now you can search our entire website for any subject you are looking for.



The Utah Black Hawk War by Phillip B Gottfredson website has upgraded our Facebook page to PRIVATE to better serve the privacy of our members.

Did you know we mange three Facebook pages all relevant to Indigenous peoples in both North and South America? Follow us on Facebook and you will have access to all three!



From Phillip B Gottfredson

Just returned home in Arizona for the winter. It was a good summer up in Utah spending time with friends and the Timpanogos Tribe. And I talked to many people who have read My Journey to Understand... Black Hawks Mission of peace. The book is selling well in Utah. Most notable were the few staunch Mormons I spoke with who loved the book. It was surprising to me how well they liked it. One gentleman told me he read it twice, and though he felt I was hard on the Mormon church, he expressed his sincere appreciation that the truth has been revealed. Honestly... I was rather apprehensive how those who have been born and raised in the church would react, but this man I spoke with for a couple hours said the time is log over due that we understand what really happened.

The Timpanogos are equally happy with the book, one tribal elder said she reads it every night before she goes to bed. She couldn't thank me enough for writing it. "Finally our history is being told" she said.

Of coarse the Timpanogos collaborated with me on the book making sure it was accurate. And I am truly grateful for their help. It was a good trip, and I am looking forward to next spring when I again will journey to the Uinta Valley Reservation for the summer.



From Phillip B Gottfredson

We are deeply saddened from all the tragedy that is gripping our country and around the world. In my 75 years I can't recall anything that has been so bad as it is now. And I don't think there is anyone who isn't being affected in some way. People, animals, plants, nothing and no one is left out, we truly are in this togeather.

Yet, I have hope. I believe in the human spirit. We will find the way to come togeather and rebuild our lives again, and better. This is a time of great change throughout the world. And as long as we remain humble and prayerful and do what needs to be done, things will get better. It will take time, but it will happen.

Please stay safe, be kind to each other and above all find your warrior spirit. We need each other.





Over the past few days has been changing over to a new server. Inmotion Hosting has long been our internet server, and when they notified us we were required to upgrade our service to a new Apache server we GASPED! Our greatest concern being it could be very disruptive. That our website and e-mail accounts would temporarily go down! Bad timing when we just launched our new books and made major changes to our website. And just before the holiday season?! We however complied, but nothing bad happened. We are truly grateful to Inmotion Hosting for stelar work, even though they warned us there could be some problems, the upgrade was seamless!

So we are loving our new's faster! And fast is good...right? Big hugs for!




Open Letter From Author: Phillip B Gottfredson

Greetings everyone. I wanted to share with you what people are saying about my book "My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace." Recently sales of the book have taken off, and I am very grateful to those who are expressing how deeply moved they are by the book on many different levels. Archway Publishing from Simon & Schuster who published the book called me to confirm I have made it on their best-seller list!

More importantly, the other day around 6:30 am I had just got out of bed when a knock came to my door. It was a member of the Timpanogos Tribe I have known for a few years now. John is a hulk of a man, and I invited him in for coffee. He got to the point saying "I have been reading your book. I haven't got very far cause I can't hold back my tears. I have to put it down and after a couple days I read it some more until I can't see through my tears. Its so real to me my brother. I was just passing by going to town and had to stop and tell you."

There are so many stories I could share with you that are even more stunning, but it meant so much to me when John came by because its his ancestors I wrote about.

Being honest with you its all very humbling to me. It causes me to reflect over the past decades and all the beautiful people I met along the way I wish I could go back and do it again. And many have walked on who I miss dearly. But their spirit and the long conversations we had live on in my heart and in my book. I'm speaking of coarse about my Native friends who walked beside me opening my eyes and heart to world I never knew existed.

This book is not a story that is just about the Black Hawk War, but a boy who became his nations leader believing that love can overcome hate. Hypocritical morality. One who respected himself and appreciated others because we are all human. He understood the natural order that all inhabitants of Mother Earth are connected. He loved unconditionally, and forgave unconditionally, that being born human makes you superior to nothing. He knew that true freedom meant being in harmony with his fellow man and all that our Creator gave us. He fought to protect the sacred, his people, and human equality. This was Black Hawk's Mission of Peace.

I end here with a passage from my book I hope you will find inspiring:

A German poet, Johann Wolfgang Goethe wrote, “A man sees in the world what he carries in his heart.” I believe Black Hawk understood that  the path to healing begins within each of us. If you want to see love in the world, then be loving. If you want to find kindness in the world, then be a kind person. If you want there to be peace, then find peace within. Love, humility, honesty, kindness, courage, wisdom, and respect, these virtues we must have in our hearts before we will see them in the world.

Be who you truly are, and come from your heart in all that you do and say. You will find that the language of the heart is love, a universal language understood by all, even the animals who are our relatives, they too understand the language of the heart. We are too much in the habit of blaming others. It’s time we take a long look at what’s in our hearts, and be the person we want others to be.

Prayers and blessing to all my relatives here. Thank you for letting me share.




Black Hawk's Mission of Peace author Phillip B Gottfredson

Phillip B Gottfredson's book "My Journey to Understand...Black Hawk's Mission of Peace" just made publishers Best Seller List! (Archway Publishing From Simon & Shuster)

Get the Book!



Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation and Author: Phillip B Gottfredson were just recently interviewed on the Jay Winter Nightwolf radio show. A 21 year veteran radio host in Washington DC, Jay Nightwolf spent two hours discussing the Utah Black Hawk War, and the legacy of the war with Mary and Phillip. We will post a link to the interview as soon as it becomes available for our folowers to listen too.


Phillip B Gottfredson author of My Journey to Understand Black Hawk's Mission of Peace. Hi, this is Author: Phillip B Gottfredson and It gives me great pleasure to announce that my great-grandfathers book Indian Depredations in Utah is back in print as of Aug 1, 2020.

2019 marks the 100th anniversary of Peter Gottfredson's old-west classic firsthand account of the Mormon's Black Hawk War in Utah. First published in 1919 by Skelton Publishing CO. Salt Lake City, Utah, only 100 copies were printed.

Indian Depredations in UtahI hope you will lend your support to the preservation of Peter's time-honored work by purchasing our official republication of Peter Gottfredson's original version of Indian Depredations in Utah.


Very gratefully yours, Author: Phillip B Gottfredson



Changes have been made to our website improving functionality. We got rid of all those annoying new tabs that would open every time you open a new page. Now visitors are able browse freely without all those annoying tabs.

We love hearing from you! And so we have made it easy for our visitors who have comments, suggestions, or have questions to join our Facebook page. Just click on CONTACT US and click on the FB icon to join. If you have had a Facebook account for 3 months or more you are automatically approved!

As we announced earlier, we have put back into print Peter Gottfredson's book Indian Depredations In Utah that was first published in 1919. This republication is the original version of Peter's firsthand account of the Black Hawk War in Utah. We are celebrating the 100th year anniversary of Peter's book! And we are planning to come out with a 100th anniversary edition hopefully by the end of this year.

Thank you everyone for helping us to make The Black Hawk War; Utah's Forgotten History website the best!




Author Phillip B Gottfredson 2020

Where did the time go? At the age of 75 I cant help but reminisce a bit. Thirty one years have gone by now since I and my brother David began researching the Black Hawk War in Utah. And 18 years since I first launched this website. That's a lot of water under the bridge! And I have enjoyed every moment with no regrets. I am grateful to all who have supported my project, family, good friends, visitors, and donors. I could never have done it with out you!

What's truly amazing are the extraordinary experiences along the way. In my wildest dreams I never thought researching the Black Hawk War would take me all over the United States and down into south America. From Washington DC, to Washing state, reservations throughout the western states, and to the Mayan in in San Pedro, the past 20 years have been the best years of my life learning from Native American peoples their stories and life-ways.

But I say to you in all sincerity I never felt the journey was about me. In my mind it was always about us, all of us. It's been a quest to find and share with everyone the truth about not only the Black Hawk War, but the indigenous people across this land we all call home. There is so much we can learn from Native people, if only we would listen. And I can't thank them enough for their kindness, generosity, and patience in allowing me into their personal lives. Many have been the times we have along side each other down a lonely road, or through the forests deep, or sat beside and mountain stream, or starring into a warming fire, sometimes with tears of gratitude in our eyes for the beauty that surrounds us all. There is so much beauty to be grateful for if we would only open our hearts.

I always remember a conversation I had with a Hopi friend. In a time of confusion I said, "I love your culture so much I don't want to go back to my own. I feel caught between two worlds not knowing where I belong anymore." My friend spoke softly to me, "having a foot in both worlds is not a bad thing my brother. Its a blessing, a gift from Creator that you can walk in two worlds. And if you can, use that gift and be a bridge-builder." Humbled by his words it was then I understood my purpose in life. I understood why Creator had set my brother and me on a path that would forever change our lives in a good and meaningful way.

I have grown a lot over these past years. And the conclusion I have come to is best summed up in these words:

And after all is said and done about the War and all the suffering it caused, I make this one conclusion: In the end, it’s about the human condition. It is to know that because you were born human, it gives you superiority over nothing. The message of Indigenous America is connection, relationship, and unity. All people are one. One of the direct living descendants of Creator. Chief Joseph said, “We have no qualms about color. It has no meaning. It doesn't mean anything." And I believe that was Black Hawk’s message.

Follow your hearts with love in all that you do. Never be afraid to stand up for your truth. And always remember to use your gifts for the good of all, the two leggeds, the four leggeds, those that fly swim and crawl, the seen and the unseen. We all have a purpose for being here on Mother Earth. Be all that Creator gave you to be if it is good and meant to be for all our relations. Live your life in a good way that you will have no regrets.



Peter Gottfredson's book INDIAN DEPREDATIONS IN UTAH is back in print!

Peter Gottfredson's book Indian Depredations In Utah 1919"When Peter first published his book in 1919, he could only afford a 100 printed copies," said Phillip B Gottfredson Peter's great-grandson. "I first republished Peter's book back in 2002, then there were only a few worn out copies to be found in the libraries."

Mr. Gottfredson went on to say, "Having just published my new book titled My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace I felt it fitting that my and Peter's should be made companion books. After all, it was Peter's book that gave me the inspiration to write my own. But there is much more we have in common which I find amusing, others call it fate. I call it coincidence."

"You be the judge, Mr. Gottfredson says. "Here are some facts. It took I and Peter 20 years to write our books. Peter published his in 1919, I published mine in 2019. Peter spent much of his time living in Timpanogos camps. I have spent five summers living with them also. Both book's are about the Timpanogos Nation and the Utah Black Hawk War. The list goes on, but I'm being honest with you, I never dreamed any of this would happen, it was destined to be."

"Grateful that great-grandfather's book has been held in such high regard, Peter would be pleased for sure as it was his wish that his book would have it's place in Utah's history. Out of respect for Peter and the Gottfredson family, I feel it is our duty to honor our ancestors legacy and preserve the dignity of his work that Peter Gottfredson so well deserves with this official edition of Indian Depredations In Utah. It is a paperback edition for now, however we are working on a beautiful cloth bound edition like Peter's original we hope will be out by years end."

"Meanwhile, I hope you will lend your support to the preservation of Peter's work by purchasing our official republication of Peter Gottfredson's book Indian Depredations in Utah." is very proud and excited to add Indian Depredations In Utah to our website as a companion book to Phillip B Gottfredson's book My Journey To Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace.



Battle Creek Pleasant Grove, Utah

by Phillip B Gottfredson

Carol Pettit Harding and Phillip B Gottfredson plant juniper tree in rememberance of The Timpanogos Tribes whoes lives were lost at Battle Creek Pleasant Grove, Utah.Remembering the lives lost at Battle Creek September of 1849, Carol Pettit Harding suggested that we plant a blue juniper tree at the site where the massacre took place at Battle Creek Park above Pleasant, Utah. We met with Deon Giles Park Director who gave us permission to plant the tree. Carol and I prepared the ground, made an offering and prayed over the spot.




Just a few days ago a new member of our Facebook page David McLaughlin uploaded a never before seen document about Chief Arapeen dated 1856. "This is a copy of the original transfer of land comprising what is now Sanpete County, Utah from Arropine (Siegnerouch) to Brigham Young on December 23rd, 1856. I have viewed the original document several times at the Sanpete County Courthouse and am wondering if you have seen this original transfer document as well? So in essence Chief Arapeen signed over the San Pete land, the livestock, the guns, and tools listed to Brigham Young valued at the time at $155,765.00?" wrote David McLaughlin.

"This is a copy of the original transfer of land comprising what is now Sanpete County, Utah from Arropine (Siegnerouch) to Brigham Young on December 23rd, 1856.

The document sparked lively discussion when Chief Excutive Mary Meyer of the Timpanogos Tribe and a direct descendant of Chief Arapeen pointed out that the handwriten document and the three signatures of the witnesses to the document were written by the same person. With that the discussion concluded with the sound of crickets.

We are grateful to David Mclaughlin for sharing this and have posted the document on our Black Hawk War Treaty page for all to see. Or you can logon to our facbook page and also read the whole coversation.



Did you know that manages three Facebook pages that are dedicated to many different aspects of Native American Nations and Tribes throughout north and south America? Covering a variety of fascinating topics from Native American spiritual beliefs, political and history. For your convenience we have listed them below along with descriptions and links. Currently we have over 2100 followers. Please feel welcome to join our groups and follow us on Facebook!

Phillip B Gottfredson's Group: "The heart knows not the color of the skin." One voice, one heart, one prayer, is to acknowledge that we are all one. Everything that exists has purpose and is an integral part of the tapestry we call the 'circle of life'.

At this time our focus is on the fossil fuel industry, corporations and people who choose excessive wealth over protecting our environment from their destructive greed. Phillip B Gottfredson's Group stands in support of equality, our right to protect our most fundamental resources, our right to abundant natural food, clean water, clean air, and healing Mother Earth upon which all life depends. This is a public group.

Wisdom Keepers: Wisdom Keepers Group is a circle of kindred spirits who are students, teachers, leaders, and followers of spiritual and sacred life-ways of Native American indigenous cultures. No one person is more important than another. The opinions and comments of every person matters. Allow Honesty, Love, Courage, Truth, Wisdom, Humility, and Respect be the guiding principles in all posts and comments. Members are encouraged to ask questions, make comments, and share your own personal experiences. And so, Wisdom Keepers is a kind of sanctuary where we gather as a community to learn from each other, prayer and meditation. Emphasis on prayer and meditation. This is a private group.

The Black Hawk War; Utah's Forgotten History: THE BLACK HAWK WAR trouble began when Mormon settlers pushed their way into the Great Basin (Utah) in 1847. Chief Wakara of the Timpanogos Nation who are indigenous to Utah, warned LDS Church leader Brigham Young and his followers they were not welcome to settle on their ancestral land. Brigham's all Mormon militia in hand with U.S. Troops would commit some of the most repulsive massacres in American history at Battle Creek in 1849, Fort Utah in 1850, Mt. Meadows in 1857, Bear River in 1863, Squaw Valley in 1865, and the Circleville Massacre in 1866. .

Our objective is to educate people about the tragic war between Mormon colonists and the Timpanogos Tribe that has been ignored and to a large extent covered-up. This is a public group.




Black Hawk Productions is proud to annouce that our Facebook page the Black Hawk War; Utah's Forgotten History Group has finally begun to take hold. If you have questions or comments about the Utah Black Hawk War our Facebook page is the place to go. Connecting with members of the Timpanogos Tribe living descendants of Arapeen, Wakara, Tabby, Tintic, Mormon pioneers and experts on the Utah Black Hawk War has never been easier. We invite our visitors to join us and become members of our group. In depth conversations, shareing documents, and new discoveries are happening everyday. Please join us on Facebook, its so easy. If you have had a Facebook account for more than 30 days, you are already approved. See you on Facebook!



Mystery Solved!

Kiowa Apache man named Black Hawk.

For many decades people in Utah have believed that this is a photo of a pencil sketch of Antonga Black Hawk. The fact is, it is not! There are no known photos of Antonga Black Hawk. It's always been a mystery where this photo came from and who this Black Hawk is.

This is a photo of a Kiowa Apache man called Black Hawk. This portrait is an Albumen print taken in 1875 by William S. Soule who was the post photographer at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. It has been provided by the Smithsonian collection. By clicking on the photo it is linked to the source. Utah's Timpanogos Chief Antonga Black Hawk was buried in Spring Lake, Utah in 1870. This photo has no place what-so-ever in Utah's history. We wish to thank David McLaughlin for this information.

This is typical of the confusion that surrounds Utah's Native American history. We are always striving to help correct this history in a good and honest fashion.



January and March have been busy for us. Phillip's new book My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace has been our focus. You may have noticed we have removed all our Goggle ads, and request for donations we have limited to just our contact page. We have continued our efforts to freshen up our website content and improve the functionality. Considerable time has been spent improving site navigation.

Though it's still early to say how the book is doing in sales, all indications are exciting. The reviews have all been 5 stars! We do not sell the book on our website, but we have made it easy to purchase it from the publisher Archway Publishing, Amazon, and Barns & Nobel. They are but three out of any number of online sellers nationally who are offering the book for sale and anyone can order it through their favorite bookstore.

Phillip has undergone cataract surgery and and is doing very well. We wish him a speedy recovery!




Historian sheds new light on the Black Hawk War of 1849 to 1873 in new book
Phillip B Gottfredson shares a Timpanogos perspective in ‘My Journey to Understand ... Black Hawk’s Mission of Peace’
PARKER, Ariz. – Phillip B. Gottfredson shares an intimate perspective of the Timpanogos peoples of Utah and the Black Hawk War of 1849 to 1873 in his debut Native American history book titled “My Journey to Understand ... Black Hawk’s Mission of Peace” (published by Archway Publishing).

Some 70,000 Timpanogos Indians — the aboriginal people of Utah — died from violence, starvation, and disease after Mormon colonists stole their land and destroyed their culture over a 21-year timeframe according to the detailed account Gottfredson learned from the Native Americans. Because few people know anything about Timpanogos Indians, who they are, or what they believed in, the author seeks to educate readers about them.

“Native American history is an integral part of this country’s history,” Gottfredson says. “After all is said and done, after the Black Hawk War and all the suffering it caused, I make this one conclusion: It isn’t about the war. It isn’t about religion. It isn’t about owning land and having material wealth. It’s not about power. In the end, it’s about the human condition. There is no such thing as race. Race is man’s invention to create divisions and separations, the building of walls and fences to segregate us from one another, to have power over each other. There is but one race, the human race. It’s about humanity, human equality, aboriginal rights and a sovereign people. It’s about there being one world, one prayer, and one heart. Having compassion toward all our relations.”

About the Author
As a historian Phillip B Gottfredson has spent the past 20 yearsAuthor Phillip B Gottfredson My Journey To Understand Black Hawk's Mission of Peace. researching and writing about the Black Hawk War in Utah while living with various Indian tribes throughout North and South America. He was invited to participate in numerous sacred ceremonies and received council from many tribal elders and leaders, which is unusual among today’s historians. Because Gottfredson is personally involved in Native American culture, his account brings an alternate perspective to a war that has historically been examined from the perspective of Mormon colonizers. For his advocacy for the First Nations people of Utah, the Utah State Division of Indian Affairs awarded him the prestigious Indigenous Day Award.

Five Star Review!

In psychological terms, they say you cannot get mentally healthy until you admit the problem, and are willing to look at all your behavior honestly. This book is an honest look at how native peoples have been and still are treated by an encroaching group who believe they have a higher right to do whatever they want to do, regardless of the consequences in human pain and suffering. We have a hard time imagining that our human history is a checkered one. Mr. Gottfredson has done an amazing job of telling this story with passion and honesty. As you follow him through his journey of discovery, you will be captivated by his experiences. And if you are willing to be honest in your feelings and a real student of human history, you will be rewarded with a greater and more profound understanding of the path we would all do well to emulate on our way to psychological wholeness. (and also a real spiritual awakening) As many have said, this book should be a part of every American high school student's study of American history, for if we could be willing to acknowledge our whole history and see the truth, the truth will set us free. Bravo, Sir !
barely ablemann



The book My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace by Phillip B Gottfredson has just been released! Published by Archway from Simon and Shuster, is now available for purchase in bookstores and online. Available in all formats, hardcover, softcover, and digital, we have made it easy for you to get your copy today by simply clicking on this link BOOK.



Chief Walker and Colorow update.

It appears Timpanogos Chief Walker is still being confused with Ute Chief Colorow on the internet. "Chief Walkara (c. 1808 – 1855; also known as Wakara, Wahkara, Chief Walker or Colorow) was a Shoshone leader of the Utah Indians known as the Timpanogo..." - Wikipedia. Colorado Ute Chief Colorow died 1888, Timpanogos Chief Wakara died 1855. This article does clarify that Wakara was Chief of the Timpanogos and that Colorow was Chief of the Ute. Definate progress being made and we are very pleased to see it happen.

The name Walker is white man's spelling. Descendants of Timpanogos Chief Walker spell his name Wakara. The earliest account we have found the writer said his name spelled phonetically would be Yah-Keera. Out of respect for his descendants we always use their version Wakara in all our articles.

Another similar mistake is the name "Jake Arapeen." Mary Meyer who is a direct descendant of Timpanogos Chief Arapeen explained that Jake and Arapeen are two separate people. Jake is the son of Arapeen. Chief Arapeen became the Timpanogos principle leader following Wakara's death in 1855. By 1865 Chief Arapeen made his son Jake the tribes War Chief. And when negotiations fell apart in Manti between John Lowry and Jake, Black Hawk was made War Chief. In that same year of 1865, Arapeen died from smallpox and Tabby became the principal leader of the Timpanogos. Tabby called upon Black Hawk to take the place of Jake.

HAPPY NEW YEAR everyone!!



They Just Don't get it!

We reported back in Oct. 2018 (see below) that articles on the internet are confusing Timpanogos Chief Wakara with Colorado Ute Chief Colorow. Have they corrected their mistake? No! They are still doing it! If you Google Chief Walker Colorow" you will see what we mean.

The Ute Nation is comprised of seven distinctly separate Bands all of whom have their roots in Colorado. The Mouche, Capote, Weeminuche, Tabaquache, Grandriver, Uintah and Yampa are the Bands that comprise the Utes. Colorado Ute Chiefs were Chief Ouray who died Aug 24, 1880, Chief Colorow died 1888, and Chief Ignacio died December 9, 1913. There is no record of these Chiefs being in Utah.

Timpanogos Chief Wakara died in 1855 in Utah. Colorado Chief Chief Colorow died 1888 in Colorado.

Chief Wakara, or Walker as the Mormons call him, was the principal leader of the Timpanogos who are Snake-Shoshone. The Timpanogos were first discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Revera in 1765, and later Dominguez and Escalante in 1776. They describe in their journals having met "the bearded ones" or Eutahs who spoke Shoshone. "Turunianchi the Great" was the leader of the Timpanogostzis, and Cuitza-pun-inchi, Pan-chu-cun-quibiran, and Picu-chi were his brothers. Turunianchi had a son named Moonch. Moonch was the father of Chiefs Sanpitch, Yah-Keera (Walker), Arapeen (father of Jake Arapeen), Tabby, Ammon, Sowiette, and Grospeen who were known as the "Royal Bloodline." Six of the seven brothers were the uncles of Antonga (Black Hawk) who was the son of Sanpitch.

We also published to the internet September 2018 that the Timpanogos are Snake-Shoshone and are not related to the Colorado Utes. We posted documentation making it clear that the Colorado Utes were not in Utah until 1881 and where not the principle Tribe Mormon colonists encountered when they came to Utah in 1847, rather it was the Timpanogos Nation. Thus far the facts we have presented have not been disputed, and we have seen many websites correct their stories, but the majority have not. We believe there are several reasons most have not. The documentation we have provided testifies to the fact that Utah's history of the First Nations people is seriously flawed and must be corrected. It appears people would rather believe in lies than embrace the truth. We stand by our documentation and believe it will stand the test of time and hopeful that eventually Utah historians will honor the truth regardless of any unintended consequences it may have.


Phillip B Gottfredson's new book My journey to Understand BLACK HAWK'S MISSION OF PEACE is being published by Archway Publishers from Simon and Schuster and is scheduled to be released in the spring of 2020. Taking 20 years to research and write, Black Hawk's Mission of Peace is a powerful and compelling story of Mr. Gottfredson's extraordinary quest to find the truth regarding the Black Hawk War in Utah while living with Native American people of Utah and throughout the western United States.

Noted Utah artist Carol Pettit Harding was commissioned by Mr. Gottfredson to not only illustrate the book, but Carol felt personally compelled to do a forensic reconstruction of Timpanogos leader Black Hawk. There being no known photos of the notorious leader, Carol devoted to the project spent nearly two months bringing Black Hawk to life at her studio in Pleasant Grove, Utah. Working from a historic photo taken in 1919 when Black Hawk's grave was robbed, the photo of the grave-robber is seen holding the skull of Black Hawk in his hand. The photo was enlarged revealing the details of his skull, and from this enhancement Carol was able to masterfully reconstruct his features.

Carol Harding's reconstruction of Black Hawk is just one of many features of Mr. Gottfredson's book. Phillip introduces to the reader the Timpanogos Nation and the first to do so, according to Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Tribe Mary Meyer. Phillip is the first to have been given access to the tribe's extensive historical records, some thirteen thousand pages filled with the Department of The Interior proving the Timpanogos Nation's peoples were are the original inhabitants of Utah. Mr. Gottfredson gives a detailed account of the Timpanogos from when Spanish explorers Dominguez and Escalante discovered them in 1765, to their personal account of the Black Hawk War, and how the tragedy of the war continues to play out in their lives to present day.

But the book is more than just the history of the war. The book chronicles the 20 years Phillip spent living with the First Nations peoples learning of their religious beliefs and life-ways that Phillip describes as "life changing" as he eventually embraces Native ways as his own. Phillip describes; "Everywhere I went, the message was the same — we are all related having come from the same common source, Mother Earth. All who spoke to me told of the seven sacred teachings: Honesty, Love, Courage, Truth, Wisdom, Humility, and Respect. I traveled north, south, east, and west, and I never found one person I did not like. I never found a single “savage” among them."


We have been on the internet since 2002 and we have conducted many experiments over time. Bottom line is it's great content that attracts visitors and keeps them coming back. We have always strove to bring you the most accurate and up-to-date information on the Black Hawk War in Utah. Even when we have at times wrong we have quickly corrected our mistakes as we are dedicated to the truth. Reporting the truth has not always been kind us.

For example, four years ago when we introduced the Timpanogos Tribe for the first time, and claiming the Utes weren't even in Utah during the time of the Black Hawk War and couldn't have been involved, our traffic plummeted. Though we had the hard facts to back our claim, we lost a good number of followers. Still in spite of the numbers we have persisted in our claim to be true. And recent statistics show our numbers are slowly returning to where they were before we broke the news. However, we realize there are those who have written books ignoring these facts intentionally or unintentionally, they we expect, will fight us and make every effort to discredit our findings to serve their own interests. Fair enough, but we will stand by what we believe to be true until proven otherwise. Four years have gone by and no one has challenged us.

We value and respect all who visit our website. We are aware of the responsibility we have not only to those whose stories we tell, but also to our visitors, and we will always honor that in a good way.


Great news! The book project is moving along and it looks like it will be released in the spring of 2020. It has moved through the copyright phase into the design phase now. Soon it will go to the printing press.

An important step in the process was getting the Timpanogos Nation to give their blessing on the book. Author: Phillip B Gottfredson made two trips to the Uinta Valley Reservation up in north-eastern Utah to spend time with the Timpanogos during the summer. Mary Meyer who is the Chief Executive of the Tribe read the manuscript twice. Phillip then made changes to the story line according to Mary's suggestions ensuring that the Tribe is accurately portrayed. The collaboration between Mary and Phillip is what makes this account unique among all others.

Those who have read the book are deeply moved and become very emotional saying "it is a story that has to be told. Phillip is was very inspired when he wrote this. The twenty years he spent living with Native Americans is in itself amazing, his spiritual experiences he had with the Native people are extraordinary to read about."

We are excited about Phillip book Black Hawk's Mission of Peace. We will be announcing the release date soon.


Full funding for the book "Black Hawk's Mission of Peace" by Author/Historian Phillip B Gottfredson has been raised. Thanks to several donors from around the United States who by their generosity and extraordinary kindness we are able to meet our obligation to have the book published. The exact release date of the book has not yet been determined. But we are hopeful it will be before years end.

We are very grateful for the tremendous support from many people who have helped us achieve our goal.


Author and Historian and founder of this website Phillip B Gottfredson just signed a book deal with Simon and Schuster/Archway!


My Journey To Understanding,,, BLACK HAWK'S MISSION OF PEACE

We are proud to announce that historian Phillip B Gottfredson has completed his Black Hawk's Mission of peace that has been twenty years in the making. The book is now ready to published.

Phillip recently visited the Timpanogos Nation and spoke with Chief Executive Mary Meyer, who you may know is a direct descendant of Chief Arapeen. Mary read the manuscript and told Phillip she was pleased with the book, and gave Phillip her blessings to have it published. Mary and her brother Perry also gave him a few more personal stories to add to his book, and made some minor changes to the manuscript. Some technical changes at it pertains to Treaties. This is significant as no writers in the past have cared enough to get permission or opinions from the Native people they are writing about.

Publishing a book is expensive. Mr. Gottfredson has set up a Go Fund Me account in hopes of raising $3800 needed to pay for the cost of publication. "I want this to be a nice book, one that the Tribe can give their children and their children for generations to come" said Phillip.

Mr. Gottfredson's goal is to have the book published and on the market in a couple months. If you would like to contribute you can make a donation through Pay Pal by clicking on the 'Donate" button above, or if you prefer please visit our GoFundMe account.




It is important to make a donation in support of Historian Phillip B Gottfredson's ongoing research which helps to keep the Black Hawk War Project going. And so it is also important to thank all those who have donated, we deeply appreciate your generosity!

More good news! Mr. Gottfredson has just completed his book titled "Black Hawk's Mission of Peace" that has been over twenty years in the making. An official announcement will be made soon regarding the book's release, but we are so excited we couldn't wait to let our followers know. While it's still in manuscript form at this time, there is some work to be done before it will be ready for publishing. But, those who have had the privilege of reading some of the manuscript have already placed their orders. Mr. Gottfredson's book chronicles his 20 years of research on the Black Hawk War while living with the descendants of Timpanogos Chiefs Walker (Wakara) Arapeen, Tabby, and Black Hawk, and various Native American Tribes throughout North America. He describes his extraordinary spiritual journey among the Native people as being "forever life changing" filled with intrigue and mystery.

Our official announcement to be made soon!


2018 was a banner year for The Black Hawk War; Utah's Native American history website. We spent hundreds of hours improving the performance side of things, and the results have been staggering. Google reported our visits have increased as much as 1600% over the previous year! That means we are reaching a much broader audience.

Moreover, Mr. Gottfredson added a lot of new material and spent considerable time rewriting old material. Our content is more accurate and in-depth than before. Our addition of the Black Hawk War Timeline page has been a great hit with our followers who are students, teachers, and historians, enabling greater access to all the material we have accumulated over the past 20 years of research.

More importantly we have been consistent in our primary goal being to educate people about the Black Hawk War in Utah from the perspective of Utah's Native American peoples who were most affected by this monumental tragedy in American history. We have through our efforts corrected key aspects of Utah's Black Hawk War history and are seeing other related websites following suit. One example is Wikipedia where we have seen significant changes, most important is the Timpanogos Nation. When we introduced the Timpanogos as having played a major role in Utah's Black Hawk War there was much skepticism among our followers. Because we backed our claim with documentation provided by Mary Meyer Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation our claim stood strong against opposing points of view. We are confident our work will continue to stand the test of time and bring a much needed and unique perspective to Utah's history.

We are looking forward to another great year, and a sincere THANK YOU to all our loyal fans!

Update 10/22/2018 It appears Google has heard our complaint and corrected Colorow's photo being labeled as Walker.

Ute Chief ColorowColorow's photo here I have seen many times and in numerous articles mislabeled as Timpanogos Chief Walker or Walkara. This is an insult to both the Timpanogos Nation and to the Ute Nation. Historians also refer to Chief Colorow as Ute, when in fact he was Comanche. He was captured by the Mouche of the Southern Utes, and raised from childhood by the Mouche, Capote, and Tabaquache of the Colorado Ute peoples. Though he was born a Comanche, he lived his life as a Colorado Ute, and eventually became their leader. Colorow never came to Utah, and the Comanche is a branch of the Shoshone. So, Colorow was born a Shoshoni and raised as a Southern Ute. He was the Chief of the Ute Mountain Utes and is buried in Ignacio, Colorado. Colorado Ute Chiefs were Ouray who died Aug 24, 1880, Colorow died 1888, and Chief Ignacio died December 9, 1913. The Timpanogos are Snake-Shoshone and indigenous to Utah, but no relation to the Utes. Walkara was a leader of the Timpanogos who died in 1855 in Utah. Visit: Timpanogos Nation * Ute Tribe * Ute Mountain Utes *


Research Notice 10/22/2018:

"Uintah Ouray Reservation" Nonexistent

How many times have you heard TV, Radio, Newspapers, and even court documents say or use the term "Uintah Ouray Reservation?" Well, did you know the fact is the Uintah Ouray Reservation is non exist ant.

"The Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation" is only a constitutional name NOT A RESERVATION and never was a reservation." Black Hawk Productions has recently added a new page to it's website titled "Utah's Timpanogos Are Snake-Shoshoni; No relation to Utes." And on this page Black Hawk War Historian Phillip B Gottfredson talks about the Uintah Ouray Reservation as never being ratified by Congress and therefore does not exist. The following is an excerpt from that page.

"The Northern Ute Tribe of Utah is a federally recognized Tribe. The "NORTHERN UTE TRIBE" wasn't created until 1937, under the constitutional name "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation". The "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation" is only a constitutional name NOT A RESERVATION and never was a reservation. Congress is the only one that can create a reservation, and there is no congressional act that created any reservation called the " Uintah & Ouray Reservation." The Northern Ute Tribe lives on the Uintah Valley Reservation as does the Timpanogos Tribe.

The Executive Order signed by Abraham Lincoln in 1861 that created the Uintah Valley Reservation does not make any mention of the "Uintah Ouray Reservation" and/or make any reference to the "Utes" or Ute Indians of Colorado or "Confederated Utes of Colorado" what-so-ever. What President Abe Lincoln said was "that the Uintah Valley, in the Territory of Utah, be set apart and reserved for the use and occupancy of Indian Tribes of Utah." Signed by The President Abraham Lincoln Executive Office Oct. 3, 1861, with the Presidents words "Let the reservation be established, as recommended by the Secretary of the Interior." It was then enacted into law on May 5, 1864, by Act of Congress.

In 1886 then-President Chester Arthur by Executive Mansion (same as Executive Order) designated a small strip of land on the Uintah Valley Reservation for the "temporary" use by the Colorado Utes at the Uintah and Ouray Agency to graze their cattle, which is today known as Ouray. President Arthur's Executive Mansion order did not abrogate or diminish the Uintah Valley Reservation. And in a recent 10th District Court ruling July 2017, the court said that the Uintah Valley reservation has never been abrogated or diminished and remains intact."

Why the Uintah Valley Reservation is being called the Uintah Ouray Reservation remains a mystery. Learn more at Utah's Timpanogos Are Snake-Shoshoni; No relation to Utes.



Timpanogos Tribe of Utah On The Internet

By Phillip B Gottfredson - 09/2018

Efforts to help correct Utah's inaccurate Native American history and bring attention to the Timpanogos Nation has begun to take hold on the internet.

Until four years ago, like most people I believed the Black Hawk War was between the Ute Nation and the Mormons. All the histories written said so. Why would we believe any different? That was until four years ago when I got a call from the Timpanogos Tribe's Chief Executive Mary Meyer. Mary respectfully informed me she was intrigued by my website and with all the research I have done. “I have been trying to get a hold of you..” she said, “to tell you that you have the wrong Tribe.”

Needless to say, I went into my defensive mode, after all I had invested more than a decade researching the Black Hawk War, “what do you mean I have the wrong Tribe” I responded. “Haven't you ever heard of the Timpanogos” Mary asked? Puzzled I said, “well... yes, maybe, aren't they Ute?” During that phone conversation Mary Meyer said enough to convince me it was probably a good idea I speak with her in person.

We met at a mutual friends home in Salt Lake, and what was supposed to be a hour meeting turned into four years and one of the greatest highlights in my life. As Mary has patiently educated me on a little known Tribe that history has marginalized. Or, to put it more succinctly, the Mormon church and it's historians have buried under a mountain of half-truths, ambiguities, platitudes, and omissions.

Upon getting acquainted with the Timpanogos peoples, the first thing I offered them was that I wanted to build them a website free of charge. It took a month to build it, and we launched in July of 2014. Since then we have watched it propagate the internet with surprising results. In 2014 a search for 'Timpanogos Indians' would result in hundreds of pages regarding Mount Timpanogos, and everything else associated with Mount Timpanogos, except the Tribe, from whom the mountain gets it's name. That has changed, and the Timpanogos Tribe of a thousand people, finally have a voice.

Of coarse I had to rewrite all 83 pages of my website replacing the word 'Ute' with Timpanogos. And now with two websites on the internet about the Timpanogos, we are seeing the name 'Timpanogos' everywhere. Not only that, many other sites we see are correcting their stories about the Black Hawk War and also replacing 'Ute' with... you guessed it, the Timpanogos Tribe!

Just a few days ago the Tribe updated their news page, and you should take a look at . And while you're there take a look around at their history etc., if you haven't already.

In closing I just want to say, for the past four years I have been spending all my summers with Mary and her people here on the Uinta Valley Reservation. Same as my great-grandfather did. He spent much of his time living with the Timpanogos and during the Black Hawk War. And now I understand why he too loved being with them.




Dedication of the Circleville Massacre Memorial

Circleville Memorial

Dedication of the Circleville Massacre Memorial I would describe as being a fair and accurate depiction of the tragic event of 1866 when 27 Paiute Koosharem men women and children were brutally murdered. Approximately 25 members of the Paiute tribe were present at the dedication along with some 40 or so people comprised of historians from the church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, along with towns folk and the press. I was there along with Mary Meyer Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation, and a direct descendents of Chiefs Arapeen, Walkara, and Tabby. The ceremony lasted about an hour. And following the ceremony there was talk among the Paiute and historians of locating the burial place of the Massacre victims and a possible repatriation of their remains to bring closure to those whose ancestors were involved in the atrocity. (See: Circleville Massacre)

We remember September 26, 1870, War Chief Black Hawk was laid to rest at Spring Lake, Utah, the place of his birth. He had fought the good fight and passed out of this world in peace.