Phillip B Gottfredson's book My Journey to Understand Black Hawk's Mission of Peace is a portrait of Chief Antonga Black Hawk superimposed on a painting of Mount Timpanogos in the Background. Artist is Carol Pettit Harding of Pleasant Grove, Utah.
Utah Black Hawk War; Timpanogos Nation of the Wasatch

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Easy access menu to our extensive collection of topics & stories about the Utah Black Hawk War & Timpanogos of the Wasatch. Organized in chronological order by date and category.

*Are you looking for specific information? Please enter a keyword(s) in our search tool above (example: Chief Sanpitch).

WESTERN COLONIZATION

The Doctrine of Discovery 1493 The following explains the Doctrine of Discovery and Congressional Acts that were designed to justify the extermination of indiginous peoples throughout North and South America.

VIDEO: CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF DISCOVERY: by Steve Newcomb Published on Feb. 2, 2016, Steven Newcomb, Author of Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery" addresses the Spotlight of Indigenous Peoples plenary at the 2015 Parliament of the World's Religions in Salt Lake City, Utah on Oct. 19.

Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny had a tremendous impact on North America. "Westward Ho!" the slogan that drove European expansion westward impacting Native Americans territorial rights.

Biographies & Timeline

*Timpanogos Nation Biography A biography of the Timpanogos Nation, and a detailed synopsis of the Utah Black Hawk War from the perspective of theTimpanogosTribe.

1847-1919 Chief Black Hawk Biography (Has been removed permantly)

Utah Black Hawk War Timeline : Detailed timeline of "Utah Indian Wars" with the Timpanogos Nation, from 1847 to 1978.

Events of the Black Hawk War

1849-50 Battle Creek & Fort Utah Massacres and extermination order of the Timpanogos Nation

1853, Gunnison Massacre Captain Gunnison and a portion of his military escort fell easy victims to a band of revengeful Indians.

1853 The Walker War

1854 Brigham Young His "Proper Way To Treat The Indians" 

1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre

1863 Bear River Massacre

1863 Chief Little Soldier attacks a platoon of soldiers at Pleasant Grove

1865 Grass Valley Massacre

1865 The Spanish Fork Treaty  (Black Hawk War Treaty)

1866 Circleville Massacre

1866 Chief Sanpitch father of Black Hawk murdered at Birch Creek

1866 Black Hawk Mortally Wounded at Gravely Ford

1866 The Old Peace Treaty Tree

1866 Spanish Fork Diamond Creek Battle

1866 Chief Sowiette admonished his brothers not to fight

1870 The Death Of Antonga Black Hawk

1873 MEMORIAL OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF UTAH "Memorial of the Legislative Assembly of Utah" was prepared by the Legislature of Utah in 1873 and sent to the United States Congress. It is a bill asking Congress for reimbursement of expenses incurred by Brigham Young's private militia, the Nauvoo Legion, to remove the Indian population in Utah.

Post War Period

1919 Black Hawk's Gravesite Robbed

1996 Repatriation Of Chief Black Hawk's Remains The human remains and associated objects were accessions by the Museum of Latter-Day Saints Church History in 1919. At that time, a local physician attempted to confirm a report that the human remains were those of the Timpanogots' chief Black Hawk who had died in 1870 and had been buried in the same approximate location.

The 'Timpanogos Ute' Oxymoron The Timpanogos are not Utes and never were.

The Utah Black Hawk War Legacy The Black Hawk War is Utah's most tragic legacy. Native people in Utah suffer from generational trauma because of Mormon colonization.

In Remembrance: Black Hawk War Veterans

List of "American Indian" battles in the war of extermination of the Native Americans

General Topics

Congressional Acts Governing First Nations There was a series of congressional acts designed to diminish tribal lands, or reservations, the Dawes Allotment Act, the Reorganization Act, the Termination Act, the Self Determination Act, and the American Indian Religious Freedom Act. Then came the boarding schools and the LDS Church Indian placement program.

THE UTAH BLACK HAWK WAR FACTS Interesting facts about the Black Hawk War of Utah and the Timpanogos Indians from 1847 to 1873 from Phillip B Gottfredson's research journal.

Phillip B Gottfredson - commentary

We Can Forgive... But Never Forget We assume that the Native peoples have since been given every opportunity to succeed, that "it's their own damn fault," as some say. All I can say is 'tell a lie often enough and it becomes the truth.'

Truth In Education For All True First Nation history needs to be included in Utah's school curriculum, but its not...why?

Native American Protocols and Ethics When I was invited to live with a Shoshone family one of the first things I was taught was Native American protocols.

RUSSEL MEANS "For America to Live, Europe Must Die"

LDS Admit to Mountain Meadows Massacre In an article that appeared in the church's Ensign magazine, church historian Richard E. Turley gives what is said to be the church's official account of the Massacre.

Nathan Chasing Horse is a person I won't forget I can't recall there being a moment in my life when I was so spritually overwhelmed.

I spent a day talking to a Dine' medicine man Well, we carried on a conversation non stop for six hours at a truck stop in the middle of nowhere.

National Museum of the American Indian where Gottfredson began his research journey.

Phillip B Gottfredson; Heart of Mayan Country My journey to San Pedro was to research the historical, and spiritual connection between North and South American Native peoples. I visited San Pedro in 2012.

The Curious Business of Indian History in Utah Our Mormon ancestors came from abroad seeking freedom in America. Here the indigenous were already free.

SOURCE MATERIAL, BOOKS, VIDEOS & PODCASTS

The following video & Podcast collection has been assembled to help further our understanding of the Native American perspective and the Black Hawk War in Utah.

THE BLACK HAWK WAR: UTAH'S FORGOTTEN TRAGEDY Researched and produced by Phillip B Gottfredson (video)

Bear River Massacre Memorial 155th Anniversary January 29, 2018 (video)

Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery by Steven Newcomb (video)

PODCAST Mary Murdock Meyer Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation, and Phillip B Gottfredson live podacst with host Jay Winter Nightwolf in a candid conversation about the Timpanogos Nation and the Black Hawk War of Utah.

P.B. Gottfredson - BookStore lists of more than 50 books & Videos(nonfiction) for historians, educators, students, and enthusiasts.

Source Material and Phillip B Gottfredson's Biography

PETER GOTTFREDSON

Much of the material found on this website comes from Peter Gottfredson who lived with the Timpanogos during the Black Hawk War. Peter is a great-grandfather of Phillip B Gottfredson.

Indian Depredations in Utah Author Peter Gottfredson MENUPeter Gottfredson's Book Indian Depredations In Utah.

Peter's Autobiography

Peter & his brother Hans In The Indian Camps

EXCERPTS from my great-grandfather Peter Gottfredson his book Indian Depredations in Utah, which is one of the oldest firsthand accounts of the Black Hawk War in Utah. He describes the wars between Mormon settlers and the Indians of Utah that occured between the years 1847 to 1872.

Eulogy to Peter Gottfredson 1934

SALT LAKE TRIBUNE ARTICLE by historian Will Bagley

Miscellaneous

The Land Of The Lamanites

The Danites

List of "American Indian" battles in the war of extermination of the Native Americans

News Articles Archive past news articles from our News Page.

MAPS

1866 Map of the Black Hawk War See where the battles took place during the war. Phillip never finished this map, but has some good information.

Tribal Locations in America Past and Present Map

Books are great gifts, they make you smarter...

Gift box  My Journey to Understand Black Hawk's Mission of Peace author Phillip B Gottfredson. Indian Depredations in Utah author Peter GottfredsonPine bough